birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
Прочитал обе книги:

Ну, что можно сказать. Всё это время, пока Хабад лоббировал министерство просвещения, фудстампы и войну, в том же самом Бруклине спокойно существовал Сатмар (наиболее известный по Во главе с р. Йоэлем Тейтельбаумом. Вот, что сатмаровцы пишут по разнообразным поводам.

Про Вьетнам: In 1966, during the Vietnam War, many secular Jewish organizations joined the anti-war movement and protested against President Johnson and the government. Rabbi Dovid Hollander and other members of the Agudas Harabbanim proposed to the Rebbe that religious Jewry hold a counter-demonstration in support of the president and the war, and that a Satmar delegation should participate. The Rebbe replied, "Yes, it's true that we should show loyalty to the president when he is under attack. But there will surely be many reporters at your demonstration, and they will ask you, 'If you are so supportive of the war, do your sons serve in the US Army?' What are you going to answer to that?" The rabbanim took the Rebbe's wise words to heart and cancelled the entire plan".

Про эмигрантов: At the end of summer of 1974, several hundred Russian Jews arrived in Belgium from the State of "Israel." Weeks later, rumors spread that these Jews wanted to return to the Soviet Union, and that they had converted to Catholicism. As this shocking news spread around the world, Rav Tuv began to investigate, and it turned out that the Zionists had intentionally falsified the story. What had really happened was that these Jews had come to Belgium with the intention of settling there or traveling on to other free lands. But the Zionists realized that Russian Jews leaving their state en masse, after so many decades of Zionist demands that they be allowed to come there, would not look good for them. Therefore they were determined that these Jews should not fare better elsewhere in the world. They instructed Jewish organizations in Belgium, such as the Joint Distribution Committee, not to aid these Jews in any way. Obeying these orders, the Jewish community of Antwerp did not even allow the refugees to enter the synagogue on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. The only rav who did open his doors to them, Rabbi Chaim Kreiswirth, was maligned in the Zionist press. With nowhere to turn, they turned to the Russian Catholic organization Karitas Katolicas and to the Tolstoy Foundation, who provided food and shelter. The Zionists seized this information and twisted it to claim that the Russian Jews had converted to Catholicism. When the Rebbe was informed of this story, he sent Rabbi Herz Frankel to Antwerp to visit the refugees. Rav Tuv was on the case. They sent them aid, aiming to free them from their dependence on the Catholics.

Про Израиль: The declaration of the state on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar) took place in the midst of a bloody war that eventually claimed over six thousand Jewish lives and about fifteen thousand Arab lives. The first stage of the war lasted until June 11, when a UN ceasefire went into effect. The Zionists used the quiet time provided by the ceasefire to purchase more weapons and artillery. At that time, a meeting of rabbis and roshei yeshivas from all circles was called at the Little Hungary Hall at 255 East Houston Street on the East Side, to look for ways to aid the Jews of Eretz Yisroel. The Rebbe was invited and attended. However, as the meeting began, the Rebbe realized that the participants were not trying simply to save Jewish lives, but to strengthen the Zionist army. The Zionist leaders had asked these rabbis to try to influence the United States government to send weapons for them to use in the next round of fighting. The rabbis had also been asked to influence American Jews to send money to the Zionists for the purchase of weapons. The speakers at the meeting proposed sending a delegation to Washington to ask for weapons for the new Zionist state, as well as demand that the United States not send any weapons to the Arabs. The Rebbe stood up and spoke strongly against the proposal of the other speakers. It is forbidden to fight wars against the nations, he said, and it is forbidden to found a Jewish state before the coming of Mashiach. How then can we ask the United States for weapons in order to fight a war and place Jewish lives in danger? We have a responsibility to prevent Jewish casualties, and it is forbidden to sacrifice even one Jewish life. As far as demanding that the United States not send arms to the Arabs, the Rebbe said that there would be a downside to that: the Arabs would get their arms from the Soviet Union, and then the US would lose their influence over the Arabs.

И т.д. и т.п.
birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
Заказал на Амазоне подержанную книгу Довида Мейзелса "The Rebbe", про р. Тейтельбаума, а хосиды перепутали и прислали детсадовскую книгу про р. Шнеерзона: "Stories of the Rebbe, by Rabbi Avraham Ohayun". Возбухать не буду, потому что она прекрасна:

Reb Yitzchak Nemes was a stamp merchant from New York. He would travel several times a year to different countries to meet with the postal service managers there and to purchase rare and exotic stamps from them at low prices. He would then sell these stamps, at a significantly high mark-up, to stamp collectors. In this way, he made a living.

Reb Yitzchak was a loyal Lubavitcher chassid, and he never traveled anywhere before receiving the Rebbe s blessing. Once, he was scheduled to go to Nicaragua for business, and, as always, he sent a note in to the Rebbe, requesting a brachah for success.

This time, though, the Rebbe’s reply did not come right away. Days passed, and then weeks. Reb Yitzchak's trip was drawing closer, but still the Rebbe had not responded to his note. Reb Yitzchak was becoming anxious. He asked the Rebbe's secretary if he could see what was doing with his request, but the secretary replied, "We can’t hurry the Rebbe.”

When there were only two days left until Reb Yitzchak’s scheduled trip, the Rebbe’s secretary finally agreed to go in to the Rebbe and inquire about the brachah for Reb Yitzchak.

The Rebbe began to ask for details about Reb Yitzchak’s upcoming trip. When he was told that Reb Yitzchak would be staying over in Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, the Rebbe said firmly, "He should travel—just not now.”

Reb Yitzchak's family wondered if and how Reb Yitzchak would suddenly abandon all of his plans because of the Rebbe’s response. After all, this was an important business trip. But they needn’t have wondered at all—as a loyal chassid of the Rebbe, Reb Yitzchak would not think of going anywhere without the Rebbe’s consent and blessing. Upon hearing the Rebbe’s words, he immediately canceled his trip.

The next evening, Reb Yitzchak heard the horrifying news: Managua, Nicaragua, had just suffered a major earthquake. Entire sections of the city had been completely wiped out, just like that.

Reb Yitzchak began to cry as the realization hit him: the Rebbe had saved him from certain death!

Some time passed, and Reb Yitzchak decided to now try to fulfill the second part of the Rebbe's instructions: "He should travel." Although Nicaragua was still in shambles from the earthquake, Reb Yitzchak managed to find a flight to there, and he arrived in Managua.

Piles of debris greeted him in the city. Most of the streets had been destroyed, and refugee camps were set up all over the place, in an effort to help the newly homeless citizens. With great difficulty, Reb Yitzchak picked his way around the debris, until he found the city's post office.

When he arrived, he was shocked to discover that the post office was still completely intact; it hadn’t been damaged at all in the earthquake! Reb Yitzchak entered the building and met the postal service manager, a long-time friend of his.

The postal service manager was excited to see him. "You know," he said to Reb Yitzchak, "because of what's going on here, no one has time to be busy with stamps anymore. Come to the storage room and take whatever stamps you want. I’ll only charge you a small nominal fee, and they’re yours.”

Indeed the Rebbe’s blessing had come true in its entirety: He should travel—just not now.
birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
But it wasn't only Jews whom the Rebbe loved, and non-Jews came to know that. One dramatic and little-known incident involved the Rebbe and Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm. In 1968, Chisholm became the first black woman elected to Congress. A powerful figure in her own right, Chisholm lacked the power to stop senior, and influential, southern Democratic congressmen, many of whom in those days were racists, from assigning her to the Agricultural Committee, an intentionally absurd appointment for a representative from Brooklyn. One New York newspaper headlined the affront: "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn?" Chisholm, who wanted to work on education and labor issues, was both frustrated and furious.
     She soon received a phone call from the office of one of her constituents. "The Lubavitcher Rebbe would like to meet with you." Representative Chisholm came to 770.
     The Rebbe said, "I know you're very upset."
     Chisholm acknowledged both being upset and feeling insulted. "What should I do?"
     The Rebbe said: "What a blessing God has given you. This country has so much surplus food and there are so many hungry people and you can use this gift that God's given you to feed hungry people. Find a creative way to do it."
     A short time later, on her first day in Congress, Chisholm met Robert Dole, the Kansas congressman who had just been elected to the Senate; Dole spoke to Chisholm and expressed great concern regarding the plight of midwestern farmers who were producing more food than they could sell and were losing money on their crops. Working with Dole and on her own, in an effort that eventually benefited millions of poor people and farmers, Chisholm greatly expanded the food stamp program. In 1973, the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act ordered that food stamps be made available "in every jurisdiction in the United States". Chisholm played an even more critical role in the creation of the Special Supplement Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), which mandated food supplements for high-risk pregnant women and for young children at nutritional risk. Chisholm led the battle in the House, and Dole and Hubert Humphrey did so in the Senate; today some eight million people receive WIC benefits each month.
     David Luchins, a twenty-year veteran of New York senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan's staff, heard Chisholm relate the story of her meeting with the Rebbe and her work on behalf of food stamps and WIC at a 1983 retirement breakfast in her honor. As she said that morning, "A rabbi who is an optimist taught me that what you think is a challenge is a gift from God". And, she then added, "If poor babies have milk and poor children have food, it's because the Crown Heights had vision."
birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
Откуда в Америке взялось антиконституционное министерство образования?

Perhaps the cause with which the Rebbe became most associated in the American mind was his emphasis on education. In the late 1970s, the Rebbe's shliach Rabbi Avraham Shemtov joined the Rebbe's campaign to help establish the Department of Education as a separate cabinet-level position (until then, education was subsumed into the Department of Health, Education and Welfare), which President Carter subsequently did. In honor of the Rebbe's involvement in this cause, the president declared the Rebbe's seventy-six birthday in 1978 as the first Education Day U.S.A. Since then, Education Day U.S.A., commemorated on the Rebbe's birthday, has become a part of the American calendar, and has been signed into effect every year by the president.
     In the Rebbe's thank-you letter to President Ronald Reagan for declaring the 1987 Education Day U.S.A., the Rebbe noted that the proclamation itself, issued by the American government, spoke of "the historical tradition of ethical values and principles which have been the bedrock of society for the dawn of civilization when they were known as 'The Seven Noahide Las.'"
     The Rebbe's role in the focus on education was acknowledged in a talk given in honor of the third anniversary of his death by Richard Riley, then serving as secretary of education under President Bill Clinton. In speaking of the creation of the Department of Education, Riley noted that the Rebbe helped "make it happen. So I owe my job to him" (emphasis added).
birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
Throughout history, it hasn't only been physically handicapped people who have suffered from being labeled with harsh words. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was still common to use words such as "moron", "idiot," and "retarded" - all supposedly technical and scientific terms - as expressions with which to taunt others. Children with mental deficiencies were dismissed as "retarded" and spoken of as part of one undifferentiated group, as if all people with this label could be fully defined by this word and this word alone. In those days, no one would have thought to refer to a child with lowered capabilities as "a child with special needs." Thus, few people thought of such children as "special" in any way; rather, they were commonly regarded as burdens to be endured. Here, too, the Rebbe's approach was to avoid labeling people with a single word such as "retarded" that, in effect, defined and limited them. When asked to send a message to a Jewish communal conference "On Issues and Needs of Jewish Retarded", the Rebbe noted his objection to that final word: "I prefer to use some term such as 'special' people, not simply as an euphemism, but because it would more accurately reflect their situation, especially in view of the fact that in many cases the retardation is limited to the capacity to absorb and assimilate knowledge, while in other areas they may be quite normal or even above average."

For the Rebbe, the desire to choose positive words was so deeply engrained that he hesitated to use words like "evil" even when describing something that was. He did not wish to have negative words or words that had negative associations cross his lips. Instead, to refer to something bad he would use an expression such as hefech ha-tov ("the opposite of good"); to refer to something foolish, he would say hefech ha-seichel ("the opposite of intelligent"); to refer to death, he would say hefech ha-chayyim ("the opposite of life"); to refer to something unholy he would say hefech ha-kedushash ("the opposite of holiness"). In a usage that sounds almost humorous, he would often speak of a bad person, a rasha, as "one who is not a tzaddik" ("one who is not a highly righteous person").
birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
Знаете ли вы, почему преподавателям в американских университетах запрещено закрывать дверь, консультируя студенток, а в самих дверях прорезаны окна? Наверное, это придумали феминисты в девяностых годах? Хе-хе.
Тhe laws of yichud (Hebrew: איסור ייחוד issur yichud, prohibition of seclusion) is the prohibition of seclusion in a private area of a man and a woman who are not married to each other. Such seclusion is prohibited in order to prevent the two from being tempted or having the opportunity to commit adulterous or promiscuous acts.
Pesach Posuach – Open door. Yichud is alleviated when the door is open. This principle is known as pesach pasuach lireshus harabim, an open doorway to the public domain. The Shulchan Aruch rules: "If the door is open to the public domain, there is no concern of yichud." [...] Woman being secluded with another man is also justified when people outside can see through the window what is going on inside the house.