birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix)
Навеяло мокумом -- решил погуглить, сколько уже известно про дату записи в первый класс и ADHD. Оказывается, не все в курсе.
  • Øystein Karlstad, Kari Furu et al, ADHD treatment and diagnosis in relation to children’s birth month: Nationwide cohort study from Norway, Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, May 2017.
  • Elder TE, The importance of relative standards in ADHD diagnoses: Evidence based on exact birth dates, J Health Econ 2010; 29: 641–656.
  • Richard Morrow, Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, Can Med Assoc 2012; 184
  • Solli IF, Left behind by birth month, Educ Econ 2017; 25: 323–346.
  • Krabbe E, Thoutenhoofd ED, Conradi M, Birth month as predictor of ADHD medication use in Dutch school classes, Eur J Spec Needs Educ 2014; 29: 571–578.
  • Hoshen MB, Benis A, Keyes KM, Stimulant use for ADHD and relative age in class among children in Israel, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2016; 25: 652–660. Crossref, Medline.
  • Chen M-H, Lan W-H, Bai Y-M, Influence of relative age on diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwanese children, J Pediatr 2016; 172: 162–167. Crossref, Medline.
    И так далее, и так далее, и так далее, много страниц, из каждой страны. Универсальнейший общечеловеческий феномен, можно отправлять инопланетянам вместе с доказательством теоремы Пифагора и схемой молекулы ДНК.

    Конечно, ADHD это глупость, несуществующая болезнь. Интересен тут не ADHD как таковой, а то, что даже стоя на прочных коммунистических позициях - что школа это хорошее дело, обучает социализации, является школой жизни и проч, глупо начинать с того, что социализироваться с людьми много тяжелее тебя. Бокс, может быть, интересный и полезный вид спорта, но даже в нем существуют весовые категории. Родившись в августе, я заведомо в проигрышной ситуации, даже если я при этом гений эмпатии и экстравертности.
  • birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix)
    Революция в медицине: ученые подтвердили эффективность гомеопатии в рандомизированном двойном слепом плацебо-контролированном и т.д. и т.п. исследовании. Угадайте, при лечении какого заболевания? Правильно, ADHD.

    Подробности здесь:
    birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
    Если вы думаете, что американцы, может быть, зря выдумали ADHD, попробуйте осмыслить вот эти строки:
    We are fortunate to have two wonderful children, each with an intense zeal for life. Ronnie, our six-and-a-half-year-old son, is filled with empathy and a love for all things active. Ellie, our five-and-a-half-year-old daughter, can light up a room with her magnetic smile and loves to run, laughing, as mommy and daddy chase her to the park.

    Ellie is also transgender. She was born male, and we all thought she was a boy until, at age four, she let us know who she truly was.
    birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix)
    Ученые обнаружили самый важный фактор риска развития ADHD (кроме наличия медицинской страховки, конечно): день рождения в августе. Риск 0.045. А если день рождения в сентябре - всего 0.005. Разница в девять раз. Размер выборки - 380 тыс. тайваньских детей.
    Почему так? Дело в том, что отсечка по возрасту при приеме в школу в Тайване, как и в США, установлена на 31 августа.
    birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
    Ученые педиатры установили, что shaken baby syndrome тоже не существует. Почему обвиненные в убийствах родители до сих пор в тюрьмах, ученые юристы пока не знают.
    For decades, the pathologist, who works at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, appeared as a prosecution witness against parents accused of killing their children.
    She argued that a combination of three brain injuries — swelling of the brain, bleeding between the skull and brain and bleeding in the retina — was sufficient to determine that the death resulted from a child being violently shaken.
    But more than a decade ago, amid the emergence of research disputing the mainstream theory, Dr Squier had a change of heart, becoming convinced that such symptoms were not conclusive.
    birdwatcher: (belgium fries)
    Research published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine suggests that circumcised boys are more likely than intact boys to develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD) before the age of 10. Risk is particularly high for infantile autism before the age of five. The research was carried out in Denmark among a cohort of all children born between 1994 and 2003. During the study over 340,000 boys were followed up to the age of nine between 1994 and 2013 and almost 5,000 cases of ASD were diagnosed. The study showed that regardless of cultural background circumcised boys may run a greater risk of developing ASD.
    Супербонус: The researchers also made an unexpected observation of an increased risk of hyperactivity disorder among circumcised boys in non-Muslim families.
    birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix)
    Prescriptions for ADHD drugs double among adults.
    Ну и, к кому обращаться? Где список понимающих врачей? Вот она, действительно серьезная причина, почему плохо быть программистом: ни одного знакомого подпольного наркодилера, и ни одного знакомого официального анестезиолога или психиатра. А у экономистов и юристов - по десятку тех и других. Именно поэтому программисты понимают, зачем нужен рынок, существенно лучше представителей остальных профессий.
    birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix)
    А тут создатели ADHD продолжают открещиваться от американского здравоохранения и образования. This was supposed to be a thing of beauty!!!
    A.D.H.D. narrowly trails asthma as the most frequent long-term medical diagnosis in children. More than 1 in 7 children in the United States receive a diagnosis of the disorder by the time they turn 18, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. At least 70 percent of those are prescribed stimulant medication like Adderall or Concerta (итого 10% всех детей) because, despite potential side effects like insomnia and appetite suppression, it can quickly mollify symptoms and can cost an insured family less than $200 a year.
    birdwatcher: (Mr. Twister)
    Изобретатель ADHD негодуе: Dr. Conners noted that recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that the diagnosis had been made in 15 percent of high school-age children, and that the number of children on medication for the disorder had soared to 3.5 million from 600,000 in 1990. He questioned the rising rates of diagnosis and called them “a national disaster of dangerous proportions."
    birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
    ADHD diagnosis less likely for minority kids, study claims.
    Почему так может быть?
    "What that suggests in our study is that there are children who are likely deserving of a diagnosis, but who aren't receiving a diagnosis, which raises the question of a lack of treatment," study author Paul Morgan, director of the educational risk initiative at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pa., told HealthDay.
    Теперь беспокоюсь за французских детей.

    СУПЕРБОНУС: Factors decreasing children’s risk of an ADHD diagnosis included not having health insurance.
    birdwatcher: (Leif Gram: Mr. Fix) In the United States, at least 9% of school-aged children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and are taking pharmaceutical medications. In France, the percentage of kids diagnosed and medicated for ADHD is less than 0.5% (дальше менее интересно)
    (рекомендовала [ profile] cotya)
    birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
    In evolutionary and experimental biology, the field of experimental evolution is concerned with testing hypotheses and theories of evolution by use of controlled experiments. [...] In 1993, Theodore Garland, Jr. and colleagues started a long-term experiment that involves selective breeding for high voluntary activity levels on running wheels. This experiment also continues to this day (> 65 generations). Mice from the four replicate "High Runner" lines evolved to run almost 3 times as many running-wheel revolutions per day as compared with the four unselected control lines of mice, mainly by running faster than the control mice rather than running for more minutes/day. The High Runner lines have been proposed as a model to study human attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and administration of Ritalin reduces their wheel running approximately to the levels of Control mice.

    (См. также Russian scientists now have a number of domesticated foxes that are fundamentally different in temperament and behavior from their wild forebearers.)
    birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
    USA TODAY: A new study of health records from California suggests that rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have jumped by 24% since 2001. The apparent rise in diagnoses is likely caused by growing awareness of the condition among parents and doctors.
    Children of higher-income families are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD, Getahun says, perhaps because their families are more concerned with their school performance and are more likely to seek a diagnosis.
    birdwatcher: (Pegomastax africanus) Доктор Майкл Андерсон осознает, что ADHD - выдумка, но все равно приниципиально выписывает амфетамины детям из неблагополучных семей. Дело в том, что он - мыслитель в области социальной справедливости, и рассчитывает таким образом улучшить их школьные отметки. Tем самым, уравнять шансы. Удачно совпало, что Mедикейд покрывает амфетамины до копеечки. Аналогично поступает всё больше и больше докторов.

    Я щетаю, это на уровне медсестер, убивающих смертельно больных пациентов из высших соображений, а в чем-то и превосходит.
    birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
    1. В NYT тележка про риталин, игрушечная. Какая-то тетенька на пятидесятом году жизни узнала, что не существует клинического критерия ADHD, и написала статью. Немедленно опубликовали в NYT. Как это возможно?! Если бы я понимал, я бы каждый день занимал несколько полос в NYT.
    2. Фред конвергенцнулся с Винджи и все правильно написал про ubiquitous surveillance: The Eye Of Sauron.
    birdwatcher: (Default)
    NYT -- A 1992 United States Department of Education directive contributed to the over-diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. It called for enhanced services for children diagnosed as being on the autism spectrum and for children with “pervasive developmental disorder — not otherwise specified (P.D.D.-N.O.S.),” a diagnosis in which children with social disabilities could be lumped. The diagnosis of Asperger syndrome went through the roof. Curiously, in California, where children with P.D.D.-N.O.S. were not given enhanced services, autism-spectrum diagnoses did not increase.
    birdwatcher: (Default)
    1. Детские психологи установили, что от того, что все время будешь сидеть на метамфетамине, знаменитым ученым не станешь и великих отркытий не совершишь: через пару недель выработается толерантность.
    2. см.
    birdwatcher: (Default)
    Употребление метамфетамина снижает риск сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, инфаркта и инсульта.


    Oct. 17th, 2011 06:46 pm
    birdwatcher: (Dore: Ogre)
    SAN FRANCISCO — California became the first U.S. state to require that public school textbooks include the accomplishments of gay, lesbian and transgender Americans as Governor Jerry Brown signed the mandate into law.
    "History should be honest," said Brown in a written statement.

    WEBMD-- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be diagnosed and treated in children as young as age 4, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics. The new recommendations say treatment for preschoolers should start with behavioral therapies geared toward teaching parents how to better control problem behaviors. If a child doesn't improve, then the guidelines recommend escalating to medication with methylphenidate (Concerta, Metadate, Methylin, Ritalin).